What Are The Symptoms and Causes of Rosacea?

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What Are The Symptoms and Causes of Rosacea?

Listen to the major symptoms and causes of rosacea from doctors

More than 16 million Americans are diagnosed with Rosacea. It is a chronic skin disease that is characterized by skin inflammation and redness. Rosacea is a mystery for doctors as its exact cause is still unknown and no definitive cure has been found for it, despite it being a common disease. However, with proper treatment, its symptoms can be reduced and managed.

Let us explore the symptoms and causes of rosacea in detail.


The symptoms of rosacea occur in cycles i.e. they appear for a week’s length and then go away on their own. The signs and symptoms can differ from person to person. It is more common and becomes more prominent in people who have lighter skin tones i.e. have less melanin content. However, it occurs in people with darker skin tones as well.

Following are the most common symptoms associated with rosacea:

  • Continuous Skin Discoloration:

Rosacea is characterized by a consistent facial blush that looks like a bad sunburn that won’t go. The red color appears due to the expansion of hundred tiny blood vessels that expand near the skin’s surface.

  • Thickening of Skin

The skin gets thick due to the accumulation of excess skin tissue. It can cause problems like rhinophyma that cause the nose to become enlarged, red, bumpy, and bulbous. It is more common in males than females.

  • Flushing

The skin becomes uncharacteristically dark and hot flesh spreads down from the face to the neck and chest.

  • The appearance of Skin Bumps and Pimples

Another prominent character of rosacea is the appearance of small, red, acne-like bumps and pimples all over the face. They are sometimes filled with pus as well.

  • The Appearance of Spider Veins

Spider veins are visible blood vessels that appear on the cheeks, bridge of the nose, and central part of the face.

  • Irritation of The Eyes

When rosacea sets in, it irritates the conjunctival lining of the eye. As a result, most people will have irritated, watery or bloodshot eyes. The eyelids may also become red and swollen. In rare instances, vision can become blurred as well.

Causes and Triggers for Rosacea

The exact cause for this chronic inflammatory disease is unknown. However, the following causes and triggers have been identified by medical specialists:

  • Irregularities of The Blood Vessels

Some irregularities and abnormalities of the blood vessels are identified with the appearance of rosacea. However, the exact nature of these abnormalities is unknown.

  • Presence of A Skin Mite

A harmless skin mite called Demodex folliculorum lives on our skins. For most people, it causes no dermatological problems. However, people prone to rosacea have a higher population of this skin mite and this increased number is considered a plausible cause for rosacea.

  • Presence of Helicobacter pylori

This is a bacteria that is present in the human gut. It aids in the production of bradykinin – a small polypeptide that leads to dilated blood vessels. Helicobacter Pylori is attributed as a possible culprit for rosacea.

Apart from these causes, possible dietary and environmental triggers for rosacea are:

  • Consumption of hot foods, beverages, caffeine, and dairy products.
  • Spices such as hot sauce, red pepper, and cayenne pepper. These spices contain capsaicin.
  • Alcohols, wines, and hard liquors
  • Exposure to extreme temperatures
  • Exposure to harsh weather factors such as sunlight, humidity, and wind
  • Emotional distress such as stress, anger, anxiety, and embarrassment
  • High-intensity exercise
  • Persistent cough, cold, or fever
  • Hot baths and saunas.

This information has been brought to you by Missoula Wellness and Medispa.